|Add Memory | Add To Friends|
|sportsgirl (profile) wrote, |
on 10-25-2004 at 9:59pm
| What the UN stands For: Although most people associate the United Nations with issues of peace and security, the vast majority of its resources are devoted to.. “economic development, social development, sustainable development
Objectives of the UN: 1)to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind.. 2) “to reaffirm fait in fundamental human, in the rights of men and women and of nations large and small..” 3)”.. to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising form treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained.” 4)to promote social progress and bertter standard s of life in larger freedom.
Purpose of UN: The total purpose then of the UN is the maintenance of peace. The over-all method by which it is to be accomplished is the development of a dynamic international society in which nations are held together by many visible and intangible bonds of civilized adjustment and development
Purposes: “ to employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples…” “… to problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character..” and “.. to be a center for harmonizing actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends.”
When the UN was created: The United Nations was born in the tragedy of the Second World War.
Security Council: The member of the United Nations confer upon the Security Council “… primary responsibly for the maintenance of international peace and security, and agree that in carrying out its duties under this responsibility the Security Council acts on their behalf.”
A Plague on the wall… : a plaque on the wall of a conference room in the Fairmont Hotel in San Francisco declares: 25 April-26 Jun 1945 “In this room met the Consultants of forty-two national organizations assigned to the United States Delegations at the Conference on International Organization in which the United Nations Charter was drafted. Their contribution is particularly reflected in the Charter provisions for human rights and the Untied Nations consultation with private organizations.
Human Rights: One of the great achievements of the United Nations is the creation of comprehensive body of human rights law, which, for the first time in history, provides us with an universal and internationally protected code of human rights, one to which all nations can subscribe and to which all people can aspire.
Prevention of Disaster: The UN Development Program assists disaster prone countries in developing contingency planning and other preparedness measures.
Response to Disasters: The United Nations has responded in two fronts. On one hand it was sought to bring immediate relief to the victims primarily through its operational agencies; on the other hand, it has sought more effective stratagies to prevent emergencies form arising in the first place
What the UN does: Today the UN is a major provider of emergency relief, and long term assistance, a catalyst for actions by governments and relief agencies and an advocate on behalf of people stuck on emergencies.
Youth: The world youth assembly, held at UN headquarters in July 1970, was the first international youth convocation organized by the UN. It brought together 650 young people to express their views on issues relating world peace, development education, and the environment and to discuss different ways, which they could support, the UN.
Charter: The Charter is constituting instrument of the United Nations, setting out the rights and obligations of Member Sates, and establishing the Organizations organs and procedures.
The Charter: The Charter suggest a variety of means for dealing with disputes it prefers that the nations first resort to normal diplomacy.
Structure: The six principal organs of the United Nations are the: General Assembly, Security Council, economic and social council, Trusteeship Council, International Court of Justice, and Secretariats. The United Nations family however, is much larger, encompassing 15 agencies and several programs and bodies.
Budget: The budget for the two years 2000-2001 is 2.535 billion. The fundamental criterion on which the scale of assessments is based is the capacity of countries to pay.
Why the UN Peacekeeping is Essential: Few modern conflicts can be considered truly “local” They often generate a host of problems- such as illegal traffic in arms, terrorism drug trafficking, refugee flaws, and damage to the environment. The repercussions are felt fare from the immediate conflict zone. International cooperation is needed to deal with these and other global problems. UN peacekeeping, built on a half-century of experience on the field is indispensable tool, Its legitimacy and universality are unique, derived from its character as an action taken on behalf of global Organization.. Compromising 191 member states. UN peacekeeping operations can open doors which might otherwise remain closed to efforts in peacekeeping and peace building to secure lasting peace.
“Blue Helmet” : 32 American Soldiers are serving as UN military observers or UN combat soldiers also called “Blue Helmet” UN missions
Americans Serving: Hundreds of American are serving in as UN police around thew old but its not clear how many, if any are US soldiers.
Budget: The main source of funds is the contributions of Member States, which are assessed on a scale approved by the General Assembly.
Finical Aspects: Approved budgets for period from 1 July 2004 to 30 July 2204 is about 2.8 billion. Estimated total cost of operations from 1948 to Jun 2004 about 31.54 billion. Outstanding contribution to peacekeeping on 31 July 2004 about 2.48 billion
Voting: Each member of the General Assembly and its committees ahs one vote. Article 18 of the Charter decrees that decisions on “important” questions shall be made by a two-thirds majority of the members present at the voting.