1.Papa seems to be a kind, loving father/husband who takes great pride in being able to support his family. He also seems to appreciate and enjoy being respected and having honor.
2.The fishing boats returned shortly after they had all left because they had received news that Japan had attacked Pearl Harbor.
3.Papa was accused of helping Japan with its attacks by cooperating in the transport of oil to them. When the officers came to his home to retrieve him, Papa doesn’t struggle or argue. Instead of following the officers, he leads them in front out of his home.
4. Shi-ka-at-gai-na means: “It cannot be helped, it must be done.” The Japanese Americans would simply go along with the internment. They seemed it accept it as something that would eventually happen to them because of Japan’s action.
5. (1) Ocean Park: racially isolated, only Japanese family there (2) Terminal Island: company town, ghetto, other Japanese occupy the island also (3) Boyle Heights: minority in downtown L.A., full of Terminal Island refugees (4) Manzanar: poorly built prison-type community, barbed wire surrounding it, small barracks, dirty bathrooms with no privacy.
6. (1)food: the rice was overcooked and topped with sweet apricot syrup (the Japanese weren’t used to eating rice like this)- (2)housing: cracks in the planks allowed sand to flow through into the barracks, small rooms, no bathrooms, (3) living arrangement: rooms were small, room dividers were placed when a family had to share the barrack with another family, think blankets that were too small.
7. With Papa no longer around, Woody seemed to have become the head of the family. He handled his position by remaining positive and helping to encourage the other members of his family. When his mother isn’t happy with the living conditions, he promises to fix the knotholes and cracks that allow sand into their barrack.
8. (1)housing: there was a stove in the barracks (2)clothing: olive drab knit caps, ear muffs, canvas leggings, and peacoats were distributed to the familys and individuals by the War Department, (3)health: shots for typhoid were givin- caused stomach cramps, vomiting, diarrhea, etc. Bad food caused the “runs,” (4)latrines:foul smell, floor was covered with fecis, toilets erupted, (5)privacy: toilets had no partitions, no privacy
9. These conditions humiliated and insulted the Japanese in a way because they were expected to live with these conditions like they were animals.
10. Once families moved to Manzanar they began to become more distant. They found friends among the many families living in other barracks. The began to eat with there friends and enjoy this freedom greatly.
11. When the narrator’s mother and father were preoccupied with worries of their own, she turns to the “Children’s Village” chapel and the Maryknoll nuns. She got involved in learning about Catholicism. The day before she was to be baptized her father stepped in and discouraged her.
12. When Papa finally returned to his family he looked as though he had aged far more than the rest of his family. His hair was white and he carried a cane. He didn’t talk as much as he did before he was taken away.
13. Papa was from a Samurai family whom, he claimed, owned so much land that one couldn’t cross it on a horse after a whole day of riding. He was one of four kids and his father was a judge. He had left because he didn’t want to be part of the teahouse and was preparing to be in the navy. He left for the Hawain Islands and in search of better opportunities.
14. Papa was humiliated when he first arrived in the U.S. because he had bought himself a rich-looking suit suc as those the rich white men wore. When he went to look for work the other, half-as-well dressed men, laughed at him because they thought of him as sort of stupid for believing that dressing well would give him a better chance of getting a job.
15. Mama’s family didn’t approve of Papa because he borrowed money and led a fast paced lifestyle. They didn’t want their daughter/sister married to such a man.
16. Papa worked as many things including: cook, valet, chauffer, mechanic, general handyman, lumberjack, dentist, farmer, law student, and as a translator of government documents.
17. Papa did well at about every task given to him but he never really succeded at them. He was a “poser, a braggart, and a tyrant.” However, he dreamed good dreams and had his self-respect.
18. Papa was arrested on the charge that he had delivered oil to Japanese submarines off the coast of Califronia.
19. Papa did feel loyalty to Japan, it was his country where he was born. He felt war was not necessary. He was lyal to the United States also and wanted them to stop fiting.
20. The real reason for Papa’s rage and seclusion was because he had lost his dignity and pride. He wasn’t there for his family when they needed him most.
21. Papa’s violent behaivior affects his family greatly. He begins to loos respect from his family members. He drinks constantly and abuses his wife verbally and sometimes physically. His children no longer respected him as they did before.
22. The charge of disloyalty affects the Japanese American men because they are being wrongfully accused. They are being arrested, confined, and questioned on things they had nothing to do with. They were being targeted because of their ethnicity and appearance. They were humiliated and felt vulnerable because there was nothing they could do.
23. The riot starts after the beating of Fred Tayama (JACL leader) on December 5th. When taken to the hospital, Tayama could not identify his attackers. The next day three men were arrested including the camp’s chief cook who was involved in organizing a Kitchen Workers’ Union. The cook’s arrest on accusation of stealing triggered the riots.
24. The incident at the reservoir shack shows that the Americans think the Japs are inferior to them. They think the Japs are traitors and are out to destroy America.
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